Vertova – Èrfa in the local dialect – is a municipality of 4,861 people in the Province of Bergamo about 21 kilometres from the provincial capital in the Valle Seriana, at the junction of the stream of the same name and the River Serio. The bridge shown in the municipality’s coat of arms is the San Carlo, the oldest in the country. Vertova’s name appears in a number of maps dating back to about 1,000; it is also in the constitutional documents and that of subsequent dissolution of the Confederation of Honio in the 11th century. The origin of the name has not been completely ascertained; some read it as the name of the Roman god Vertumno, while others feel it has German roots in the word Wert.
As early as medieval times, textiles were one of the area’s main products and it was with that at the start of the 20th century that industry came to the village. The closure of the big textile manufacturers after the deindustrialisation of the Eighties turned Vertova into a place in which the main productive activity comprised both artisan and small commercial operations. Valle Vertova, with its stream of the same name, is an area of naturalist interest and a local tourist destination as it is one of the most suggestive corners of the mid-Valle Seriana. The Vertova valley is embedded for 12 kilometres from Mount Cavlera and Mount Cedrina right through to the heart of Mount Alben.
Vertova has notable naturalistic and landscape aspects, especially the endemic animals and vegetation that exist exclusively in this area. There are numerous springs, spectacular cascades, gigantic gorges and potholes created over the centuries by the power of water; rough and inaccessible rocky peaks and gentle slopes covered with woods, fields, pastures and studded with characteristic rural settlements. The cart tracks are exclusively on the slopes of the eastern hills, connecting farms and agricultural-forestry areas of pertinence, without intruding on the wild part of the valley, which only has a dense network of paths and mule tracks.